Alcoholism – Nutritional Effects Of Alcoholism


The term alcoholism is defined as chronic drinking that interferes with one’s personal, family, or professional life. While an occasional drink is not likely to be harmful


  • Alcoholism can lead to malnutrition, not only because chronic drinkers tend to have poor diets, but also because alcohol alters digestion and metabolism of most nutrients.
  • Severe thiamine deficiency is extremely common, as are deficiencies of folate, riboflavin, vitamin B6, and selenium.
  • Because many alcoholics suffer a deficiency of vitamin D, which helps the body absorb calcium, they are at risk of bone fractures and osteoporosis.
  • Impaired liver and pancreatic function may result in faulty fat digestion.
  • Since alcohol stimulates insulin production, glucose metabolism speeds up and can result in low blood sugar. And alcoholics are often overweight, due to calories in alcohol.


  • A diet addresses underlying problems; for example, an overweight person needs a diet that reverses nutritional deficiencies without additional weight gain.
  • When alcohol gets processed in the liver, it produces highly toxic chemicals. These chemicals can injure the liver cells. This injury then leads to inflammation and alcoholic hepatitis.
  • Alcohol detoxification involves taking a short course of a medicine which helps to prevent withdrawal symptoms when you stop drinking alcohol.


  • Genetic predisposition learned behavior, and childhood experiences, including abuse, are all thought to foster alcoholism. Progression of these disease varies from one person to another.
  • Some alcoholics are binge drinkers and can go for weeks or even months without alcohol.
  • Chronic overuse of alcohol takes a heavy psychological and physical toll. Alcoholics do not intoxicated, but their ability to work and go about daily activities becomes increasingly impaired.


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